Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher


Dobermans originated in the 1860s in Germany. They were used as personal watchdogs and guardians, sheep herders, gun dogs and vermin hunters. Louis Dobermann developed this breed that's one of only a select few named after real people. They are proud and noble dogs that were heroes of both World War I and World War II. The United States Marine Corps named Dobermans as their official combat dog.


Dobermans are very energetic and must have plenty of daily exercise and stimulation. They love playing with their family and are excellent walking companions. They can live in apartments as long as they get enough exercise, but it is best if they have a securely fenced yard.


Minimal grooming is needed by Dobermans. Wipe down their coat with a damp cloth to keep down loose hair, or brush it occasionally. Dental care is vital in preventing early tooth loss to this breed. They also need their nails trimmed short regularly. Either dry shampooing or bathing is only needed when completely necessary. Dobermans are prone to bloating, congenital heart disorders, Von Willebrands Disease, and Wobbler Syndrome. They're not a good breed for cold climates.


Dobermans are medium to large size dogs that are also elegant, muscular and graceful. They're also resourceful, courageous, very intelligent and bold. This breed is highly popular and respected. They're also very loyal and protective.


Dobermans have coats that are close-fitting, thick, short, smooth and hard. Their coat colors are fawn, blue, red, black, and black and tank. Typically, there are rust colored markings about their eyes, on their throat, muzzle, feet, legs, chest, and below the tail. They're average shedders.


Dobermans are fearless, versatile and assertive. They also need human stimulation and companionship. They're loyal and very protective of their home and family. Dobermans are better with older and well-behaved children. They usually don't get along with other household pets. Withdrawn with strangers, they make ideal guard dogs. These are people oriented dogs that might bond closely with one specific member of the family. Dobermans need constant attention and don't like being left alone for long periods of time. So a two career family probably won't work well for them. Their owners need to be experienced rather than a novice or sedentary owner.


Dobermans are easily trained but need a dominant owner. They need obedience and socialization at a young age. Otherwise, they may become shy, timid and aggressive. They won't respond to heavy handed or harsh training methods. They respond positively to firmness, respect, consistency, and reinforcement. Dobermans excel in tracking, police work, search and rescue, competitive obedience and as therapy dogs.