Keeshond dogs are a part of the family of the Spitz breed. They originated during the 18th century in the Artic. The only purpose they had was to be a family pet. They're muscular, compact, and very reliable. They make excellent companions, show dogs and watch dogs.


Keeshond dogs are happiest when they're allowed to be a part of family activities. They don't need a lot of exercise so this makes them great for apartment living. They love daily walks, Frisbee chasing and playing ball. They benefit from having access to a small fenced yard for playing. Just don't leave them outside by themselves too long or they might get bored and start digging.


Keeshonds must be brushed thoroughly every day. You must never clip these dogs during the summer because the top coat keeps them insulated from the sun and the heat. They're very clean dogs and will typically groom themselves. Only bathe them when absolutely necessary but they can be dry shampooed if needed. Health concerns include Von Willebrand's Disease, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, slipped stifles, and epilepsy.


The Keeshond breed has a very outgoing personality. They're often called the “Smiling Dutchman” because they have the ability to curl their lip in such a way as to look like they're smiling. These dogs will often do this to greet people they're very fond of.


The coat of a Keeshond is plush, abundant and double. The top coat is straight, harsh and long, while the under coat is downy with a soft texture. It's quite thick around the neck, chest and shoulders. They have short, soft, and smooth hair on their head. The markings around their eyes look like glasses. They have lighter and longer hair on their legs. You'll find most Keeshonds in a mixed color of black, gray and cream, although they may also be brown, buff, black, white and orange. They shed their coat twice annually.


Keeshonds are very affectionate and intelligent. They're also quite friendly with other dogs and people. These dogs make amazing family pets as they adore being around children. Human interaction and companionship is something that Keeshonds thrive on. As they're intuitive and empathic, they make ideal therapy dogs. Their bark is loud and distinctive, making them great watchdogs. These are loyal dogs with a great personality, and are neither aggressive nor timid.


Keeshonds can be quite challenging to train. Their mischievous streak has them enjoying the creation of their own routines. They're also quite adept in agility and obedience. Training should be conducted with fairness, consistency and structure. If interesting methods aren't used, they'll get bored.