Newfoundland dogs are often called the “Newfie.” The origin of these dogs is a mystery, although they're highly respected for having an astounding ability to be a water rescuer. They're called gentle giants because they're very sweet dogs even though they're massively big and strong. It's these traits that make them excellent at retrieving and hauling duties.


Newfoundlands move slow and tend to be lazy. They like daily walks, swimming and play sessions. When indoors they're rather inactive. These dogs are fine for apartment or city living as long as they get enough exercise. They love running in small fenced yards.


Newfoundland dogs must be brushed daily. They have an under coat that sheds during the spring and fall. It should receive extra attention during these times. Only bathe them when you absolutely have to because the natural oils of their coat can be stripped with bathing too often. It's best to dry shampoo them. Health concerns of this breed are weight gain, heart disease and hip dysplasia.


Newfoundland dogs are brave, elegant and sweet tempered. They're very dignified animals and even walk with a noble and stately manner. These dogs make very delightful companions as well as intensely devoted ones. They're thought of as one of the friendliest dog breeds.


The coat of the Newfoundland is double and water resistant. Their top coat is medium length, flat, coarse and oily. Their under coat is a soft and dense texture. The coat colors are usually black but they can also be black with highlights of blue, brown, gray or bronze. This breed's coat protects them against extreme cold in the water and on land. They're heavy shedders.


The Newfoundland dog breed is very loving and affectionate. They're friendly with visitors that they're familiar with as well as quite sociable. These dogs carry a strong sense of duty and get along famously with children. Newfoundland's get so attached to their families that it's impossible for them to ever move to a new family because they'll never adapt to their new environment. Typically, they get along well with other pets. They're docile, gentle and heroic, and must have human companionship. These are very protective dogs that will put themselves between their family and any danger they perceive.


Training Newfoundlands can be a bit difficult. These dogs are intensely sensitive and won't respond to heavy handed or harsh methods. A calm, loving and patient voice must be used for successful training. They do well with socialization and basic obedience early in life. They can be trained for guarding or working.