As the complex name may imply, the Xoloitzcuintli is a very rare breed of dog and is not seen in too many homes. This rare breed is exceptionally long in the tooth as well. They date back to well over three thousand years, and are still around today to make great canine companions.


The Xoloitzcuintli dogs may seem like they would be small enough to cause trouble and be rambunctious. However, despite their appearance, they are not of the typical attitude as other small dogs are about being active. These dogs do well indoors and with owners that like to relax more than play.


Due to the Xoloitzcuintli’s incredibly short coat, colder climates may affect it negatively as there is not as much fur on them as other dogs have to keep them warm. This dog breed may be especially prone to losing teeth, and could develop some food allergies that you may need to check at a vet.


The fur of the Xoloitzcuintli can come in many colors and color combinations. They have sharp and small bodies with very little fur that seems to blend in more as a skin. They have alert eyes and pointed ears that give them the appearance of great awareness, something that they most definitely possess.


The Xoloitzcuintli, pronounced show-lo-its-queen-tli, can either have a very short layer of fur coating their bodies, or they could be almost completely hairless except for a small amount of hair on the head and the tail. Because of this, shedding is practically non-existent, and these dogs rarely have a foul smell.


The Xoloitzcuintli breed is territorial and will defend their owners against the presence of a stranger that they deem dangerous, which happens to be every stranger. They are devoted and loyal to their family and will defend them against other animals as well as people. They crave attention and reward for their love.


The Xoloitzcuintli must be trained from a young age to be able to accept the company of other small animals and people. You can keep them around different breeds and different company as a puppy so that they won't grow to fear the unknown. This will make them easier to keep around company.